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15 Essential Things You Need To Know Before Traveling to Thailand

Traveling to a new country can be very exciting yet anxious. You have whole new things waiting for you to discover but you have no idea of the people, culture, and law in the country you are visiting. This is why we’ve collected some guides to traveling Southeast Asia based on our experts’ advice. Hoping they’ll give you some ideas of what to expect when you visit this beautiful region. Anything you want to know but don’t find in this article, feel free to contact us for more free advice.

We’ll start with Thailand - the countries with so many things to offer for every traveler. With its exotic beaches, splendid temples, and abundant food paradises, this land is always the first stop of visitors in Southeast Asia. 

1. How many days is enough for a trip to Thailand?

How many days is enough for a trip to Thailand?

At least 12 days, I would say. Once you’re here, you’ll want to visit all the places, try all the food, and absorb all the culture. Each region of Thailand offers new things to explore. In the north, there’re Lana culture, forested mountains, remarkable Buddhist temples, colorful hill tribes, thousands of years of history, and authentic Thai cuisine that millions of visitors all over the world come to enjoy it every year. In the south, there’s deep blue sea, caves, waterfalls, tropical islands, and the most high-end resorts in the country that can bring your beach vacation to the next level. 

2. Language

Language - Things you need to know

The official language is, of course, Thai. It is spoken by the majority population. However, English is widely understood, particularly in Bangkok. English is used in most hotels, shops, and restaurants. There are Thai-English signs in tourist attractions. 

3. Weather

Weather - Things you need to know

The climate of Thailand is controlled by tropical monsoons so the weather relatively hot throughout most of the year. Basically, November to early April is the best time in Thailand when it is sunny though as other tropical destinations, unpredict rain is possible even on the sunniest days. But it won’t last for long. For beach lovers, visit from January to April. But if sightseeing and culture exploring are your main interests then visit in December, January, and February. 

4. Currency

Currency - Things you need to know

The official currency of Thailand is the Thai Baht (THB) in both bills and coins. The Thai baht bills range from 20 THB to 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 THB. Thai coins come in 6 denominations: 10, 5, 2, 1 BHT and 25 and 50 Satang (1 Baht is subdivided into 100 Satangs). The official exchange rate is 30.650 THB = 1 USD (06 Sep 2019).

In Thailand, people mostly pay cash, especially in local restaurants and shops. Therefore, you should always have cash on you. ATMs are everywhere in big cities to make a withdrawal. 

5. Thai domestic airlines

Thai domestic airlines

There are 8 domestic airlines in Thailand. Flight time between cities in Thailand doesn’t take a lot of time. The longest domestic flight is from Chiang Mai to Phuket and lasts only 2 hours. The advantage of time and price make flight the most convenient way to travel around the country. Bangkok Airways and Thai Airways are the best, but of course, not the low-cost airlines. The best budget carrier is Air Asia. It operates great services and comprehensive routes from Bangkok to 10 different domestic airports throughout Thailand including Phuket, Chiang Mai, and Krabi with cheap prices. 

6. Temple etiquettes

Temple etiquettes

Buddhism is practiced by most Thais and plays an important role in the everyday life of people. Remember to not touch a Buddha image or statue, climb on top of it, or show disrespect to it. Dress appropriately is also recommended when you visit a temple. 

Read more: 5 Buddhist Temples Tell You The Best of Thai History And Culture

7. Taxi in Bangkok

Taxi in Bangkok

The rate for a taxi in Bangkok begins at 35 Baht, and then it charges 5 Baht for each kilometer after that. If the taxi is stuck in a traffic jam and it just can move less than 6km/hour, the meter charge is 1.5 Baht per minute. 

All taxis in Bangkok are metered. Find another taxi if your driver refuses to use his meter. There are thousands of taxis in Bangkok so it isn’t difficult to find one. Taxi drivers in Bangkok don’t require a tip but it’s a common practice to round the fare off to the nearest 5 or 10 baht if you think the service is good. 

8. How much I should tip?

How much I should tip?

Tip 1-2$ for the porter carrying your bags and 20 baht for the cleaner. Tip 8-10$ per day to your guide and half of that to the driver. In nice restaurants, they often include a 10% service charge in the bill so leave behind loose charge in coins. But you don’t need to tip if you aren't satisfied with the service. 

More details about tipping etiquettes in Thailand and Southeast Asia. 

9. See the elephant or not?

See the elephant or not?

Interacting with the elephant is one of the biggest attractions in Thailand. But many people have considered this experience as animal abuse. So should you see the elephant when you’re in Thailand? 

The answer is Yes, but you should choose the elephant camp wisely. The captive elephants after being rescued can’t be released back into nature. They need food to be fed and land to roam around. Ethical sanctuaries are the best option for captive elephants so far and your visit will contribute to the elephant’s living cost. Here are 7 ethical interactions that elephants want you to do for them and the most trustful elephant sanctuaries in Thailand.

10. Don’t miss the food

Don’t miss the food

Sampling street food is the ultimate joy of being in Thailand. Just Bangkok, there are over 12,000 vendors selling sweet, salty, and spicy flavors making Thailand one of the most vibrant food scenes in the world. From the famous salad Som Tam to the delicious Khao Soi, Thailand is a must-visit destination for every foodie in the world.

 These tasty photos will make Thai food your favorite food.

11. Visit the floating markets

Visit the floating markets

Thailand’s floating markets never cease to amaze visitors. They are loud, chaotic but full of life. Thai women wearing ngob (a palm leaves traditional hat), row longtail boats filling up with food, fruits, souvenirs, and snacks on the water. From an untouched floating market of Bang Nam Pheung to the charming Bang Khla floating market, you can easy to sample the best taste while enjoying a true, authentic travel experience. 

Here are 5 authentic floating markets in Thailand if you don't know where to start.

12. Add Phuket into the list

Add Phuket into the list

It wouldn’t be an exaggeration to say that Thailand has some of the best beaches in the world. Most of them come with clean water, white sand, beautiful sunsets, and the iconic longtail boats that dot the shore. Even though Thailand has plenty of beaches to go, Phuket is always on the top list due to its perfect turquoise water and multicultural history. Let the longtail boat brings you to one of its remote islands on a day where you can sunbathe and enjoy a picnic lunch under the shade of a tree. 

Read more: 6 Reasons To Visit Phuket - the Pearl of The Andaman

13. Festival not to be missed

Festival not to be missed

- Songkran: Songkran is the biggest festival in Thailand and considered as the biggest water fight in the world when locals and visitors rush down the streets and splash water on each other. The official festival takes place in 3 days in April but it often prolongs as long as 6 days. The epicenter of Songkran is in Chiangmai but Bangkok and Phuket are also popular places to get wet in the water battle. 

- Yi Peng: This is one of the most beautiful lantern festivals in the world. Every November, thousands of people flock to northern Thailand to witness it. Group of family, friends, and couples sharing a moment when their lanterns flying up, illuminating the sky, letting go of the past and sadness. 

- Loy Krathong: The festival of Light is celebrated at the same time as Yi Peng. When the rivers are filled to their fullest and the moon is at its brightest, Thai people gather at the rivers to make merit. They set their banana-leaf-baskets (Krathong) off on the water. A candle will be lighted up and a coin will be put into the Krathong as an offering to the river spirit.

- Phuket Vegetarian Festival: Excellent vegetarian foods are served in the street stalls. But what draws visitors to the festival is not the food but the parade of devotees who wear white and pierce their faces with everything from hooks and knives to spears.

- Chiang Mai Flower Festival: Celebrated in February, this festival is the colorful displays of flowers, miniature trees, and local orchids. The main attractions of the 3-day festival are the Flower Parade and Flower Queen Beauty Pageant.

14. Safety

Safety

Thailand is considered a safe country to visit but it’s smart to exercise caution. Overloaded and speeding vehicles in big cities as Bangkok can make the road a dangerous place. Respect for pedestrians is very low. 

Possession of drugs can result in prison. Buying and selling opium, heroin, amphetamines, hallucinogenic mushrooms and marijuana is illegal.

For women: Don’t wear anything too sexy if you don’t want Thai men staring at you. Carry a button shirt with you to wear outside your dress if you’re going to catch a taxi. Seek out a service that supplies female taxi drivers if it makes you feel more comfortable.

15. Things you should bring with 

Things you should bring with

- Passport: Make sure your passport is valid for at least 6 months before the expiry date. Check with your doctor the vaccinations and medicines needed.

- Clothes: Clothing should be lightweight and of the drip-dry variety. You will be in the sun a lot so long sleeves and a wide hat would be more suitable. Don’t forget smart casual clothes for the evenings and visiting up-scale restaurants.

- Footwear: Bring comfortable boots for trekking and for walking. They will need to support your ankles as well as have a non-slip sole. Waterproof sandals for those short trips and boating are necessary too.

- Medical Checklist

  • + Aspirin/ibuprofen, etc
  • + Cold-symptom relief tablets, antihistamine, cough drops. Sweat-resistant sunscreen with at least an SPF 15 rating or higher, and lip balm with sunscreen
  • + Acidophilus enzyme (available in capsules in health-food stores)
  • + Imodium, Lomotil, or similar anti-diarrhea medicine
  • + Insect repellent: with the percentage of DEET recommended by your travel medicine physician
  • + Antiseptic wipes for handwashing and emergency toilet paper

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